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What’s the Difference Between Cell Towers, Wi-Fi, and 5G?

Last Updated on: October 27, 2021

cell tower on a hill


With the era of 5G fast approaching, the relationship between 5G, Wi-Fi, and cell towers and their effects on each other are being held up to question. In the background of this discussion looms an even greater question: What are the potentially harmful effects of 5G? Keep reading to find out more.


Before diving into the relationships between cell towers, Wi-Fi, and 5G, we first need to understand what data is. Data is the electronic information that is sent to or from your phone. You use data when you share photos or videos via social media, use your email, browse the internet, stream shows, listen to music, or use mobile apps like YouTube or Maps. To use the internet, you need a data plan from your cellphone provider.


Cell towers are cellular-enabled mobile device sites on which antennas and electronic communications are placed. A cell tower is typically made up of a radio mast or tower that is used to create adjacent cells in a cellular network. Typically, these are built by tower companies or wireless networks looking to expand their network capacity and coverage.

When you use cellular data, all that essentially means is that you are accessing the internet via a cell tower. All smartphones, some newer cars, some routers, and a few laptops have cellular data capabilities built-in. Using cell data requires you to have some kind of data plan with a cellular carrier like T-Mobile, Verizon, or AT&T.

The range of the cell tower depends on a number of features. Namely:

  • Direction of the antenna array
  • Absorption and reflection capacity of the surrounding environment
  • Weather conditions and the geography
  • Height of the antenna
  • Signal frequency
  • Transmitter power

cell towers with the a large 5G in between the towers


Both cellular data and Wi-Fi are wireless technologies used to connect you to the internet. Wi-Fi is used to share cellular connection with other devices. One key difference between the two is that cellular data is almost everywhere, whereas Wi-Fi has a more limited range.

The word “Wi-Fi” stands for wireless fidelity. While the word “Wi-Fi” has become synonymous with “internet,” this is not necessarily the case. This wireless network uses radio frequency signals to connect your devices to the internet. Wi-Fi is just a tool to distribute the internet and is not the source of the internet itself. The word “Wi-Fi” began as a marketing term applied to a series of technical networking protocols.

lights on a router with of the options for different gigahertz


5G is an all new type of wireless network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together. 5G users are in the age of a new digital era. Here’s what to look forward to:

  • Peak data speeds
  • Very low latency
  • More reliable connection
  • Extremely large network capacity
  • Greater performance
  • Potententionally 100 times faster than 4G
  • GDP growth
  • Job creation
  • Raised global economic output

Concerning range, 5G can operate on a super high frequency spectrum that ranges from 24 to 100 GHz. What this means is that data can be transferred at unprecedented speeds.

Other exciting possibilities for 5G networks includes:

  • Self-driving cars: while current self-driving cars use sensors like radars and cameras to operate automatically, on a 5G network, driverless cars will be able to communicate with other driverless cars, stop lights, pedestrians, and anything capable of connecting to the internet. This should be able to drastically improve traffic flow as human error will be taken out of the equation with driverless cars.
  • Gaming: 5G offers a latency-free gaming experience unlike other wireless networks. Google’s Stadia service removes the need for local hardware and the need for a console or gaming computer. 5G also offers the gaming computer more multiplayer games and promises to get rid of gaming lag.
  • Industrial 5G: 5G offers lightning-fast communication between devices, self-driving cars, assembly robotics, and an increase in industrial efficiency.

5G spreading across a city skyline


With a whole new level of 5G comes new concerns with how this EMF exposure will affect us. But first, let’s understand what EMFs are: EMF stands for electromagnetic fields. There are two types of radiation: ionizing and nonionizing. The ionizing EMFs release high-level radiation that causes damage on a cellular and DNA level, eg. sunlight, X-rays, and gamma rays. On the other hand, non-ionizing frequencies release low-level radiation, eg. cellphones, Bluetooth devices, and radio frequencies. Now that you understand what EMFs are, let’s look at how EMF exposure may affect you. A few common symptoms of EMF exposure include:

  • Dulled concentration
  • Headaches
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue and low energy
  • Concentration issues
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Memory changes
  • Irritability
  • Tingling skin

So how will 5G compare? With an increase of EMFs comes an increase of EMF health risks. According to a 2020 study, 5G will not only affect your skin and eyes but will have adverse systemic effects as well. Another study identified how rising EMF exposure is increasing health issues like oxidative stress, which is involved in cancer onset, several chronic diseases, and vascular homeostasis (1). The study also explores how EMFs negatively affect your immune system, brain, and reproductive systems.

5G communications use exceptionally small waves, also known as millimeter waves (MMW). These small waves are shown to increase inflammation, migraines, gene expression. More studies are needed to fully understand the health risks associated with 5G, but given the health risks that we know of, how do we protect ourselves from these negative effects?

woman with a cup of coffee and blanket relaxing in her apartment in a large city where the skyline can be seen from the window


The most reliable way to protect yourself from the negative impacts of EMF radiation is to use an EMF protection device. Synergy Science™ is the world leader in EMF-protection devices. These devices protect you from the negative effects of EMF radiation by depolarizing the radiation around you and eliminating all excess radiation. Depending on the area size you want to protect, there are a number of devices that range from protecting just you to protecting a 20-story office building.

For more information regarding EMF protection devices, visit Synergy Science™.

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