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9 Interesting Facts About Water

Last Updated on: April 29, 2022

hose watering pink flowers outside

Hydro Bro, your favorite expert on all things water, is at it again! This time, we are diving into some of the most interesting facts about water that will change how you look at the liquid in your glass.

Water. It’s the elixir of life and makes up 71% of Earth’s surface. (1) We get water from our faucets, use it for our crops, and swim in it in lakes and oceans. Without water, life as we know it could not exist. Want to learn more about this incredible substance? Join Hydro Bro as we discover nine interesting facts about water!

1. Only 1% of the world’s water is drinkable, and 90% of that is frozen in ice caps.

Water is everywhere, but Earth’s oceans hold 97.5% of it. That means only 2.5% is freshwater, but 90% of that is locked away in polar ice caps. Ultimately, only 1% of drinkable water is easily accessible at Earth’s surface. (1) This 1% is all the water that the human race — and all other living things — has to survive, and incredibly enough, it is enough!

2. One of the polar ice caps that holds 90% of drinkable water is a glacier bigger than the continental United States.

Antarctica, also known as the White Continent, is almost completely covered in ice that averages one mile thick. This massive polar ice cap has a surface area of 5.5 million square miles in the summer. That’s more than 1.5 times larger than the continental United States! (2, 3)

3. Only 0.013% of the world’s water is in freshwater lakes.

Remember how only 1% of the world’s water is accessible, drinkable surface water? Well, only 0.013% of all the water in the world is in freshwater lakes. (1) There are 307 million lakes on planet Earth, ranging from saltwater to freshwater and pond-sized to hundreds of miles long. In fact, the world’s largest lake, the Caspian Sea, measures 145,993 square miles! Together, all of the freshwater lakes cover 1.6 million square miles. (4)

With freshwater lakes covering over a million square miles of Earth’s surface, it’s crazy to think that all of those lakes only account for 0.013% of the total water on Earth. Not only that, but 20% of that water is in one lake: Lake Baikal in Asia. Another 20% of the water in freshwater lakes is in the Great Lakes. (5) That leaves only 60% of 0.013% left to fill the rest of the freshwater lakes on planet Earth.

4. The water you drink has existed for millions of years.

Leading scientists theorize that the water on planet Earth originated from ice specks that once floated around in a cosmic cloud more than 4.6 billion years ago. According to astrophysicists’ calculations, as much as half of the water on planet Earth may have come from the aforementioned cosmic cloud. If that is true, the water we drink today may be millions of years older than the solar system itself. (6) This means that the water in our oceans, lakes, faucets, and homes could be the same water that dinosaurs, Julius Caesar, and Napoleon Bonaparte drank once upon a time.

Lake in Canada's mountains

Scientists believe that meteorites and comets brought water to Earth’s surface more than 3.9 billion years ago.

5. Water is alien to our world.

Scientists believe that the water on Earth came from asteroids and meteorites, and there’s good evidence to support that theory. The basins that hold today’s oceans and lakes were formed from plate tectonics; however, it is difficult to determine exactly when these basins filled with water or where the water came from. Why? Because there is no geologic record of the Earth during its formation years. (7)

We can, however, measure the age of meteorites, and the findings date some meteorites to 4.6 billion years old, which is approximately the same age as our planet. However, the oldest sedimentary rock (rock formed by a process requiring water) that scientists have found is only 3.9 billion years old. This proves that Earth had at least some water by that time in order to form the sedimentary rock, implying that water must have existed on Earth for more than 3.9 billion years. (7)

Scientists believe that this water originally came from icy clumps that collided with Earth while it was forming. Such collisions injected massive amounts of water into the atmosphere as steam. Much of that steam went back into space or was split by ultraviolet radiation, but the steam that survived condensed and formed oceans when Earth cooled down. (7)

No one knows just how much water came down to Earth from these collisions, but scientists suppose that the water came from a common type of meteorite called a chondrite. Another possible source of water on Earth is from comets that came from outside of Jupiter’s orbit. These comets are made of half dust and half ice, and scientists estimate that if just a quarter of the material that collided with Earth were these comets, they would account for all of the water in today’s oceans. (7)

6. The average American uses 16 gallons of water in every shower.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the average shower lasts eight minutes. Because the average shower-head has a flow rate of 2.1 gallons per minute, that means each shower uses a total of roughly 16 gallons. At this rate, Americans use more than 1 trillion gallons of water each year just on showers! (8)

7. About 785 million people do not have access to clean water.

There is a global water crisis. There are 785 million people without access to clean and safe drinking water! (9) That’s more than double the amount of people who live in the United States. (10)

Access to clean water and proper sanitation can make a world of difference in someone’s life. It can empower someone to have more time for school or work while also helping improve the overall health of affected communities. (9)

hands filled with drinking water from waterfall
One in nine people do not have access to clear or sanitary drinking water.

8. Nearly 1 million people die every year due to water sanitation issues.

A lack of access to clean water can lead to a variety of sanitation and hygiene-related diseases. As a result, nearly 1 million people die every year from sanitation issues and diseases. Not only that, but a child dies every two minutes from a water-related disease. (9)

Providing access to clean water and proper sanitation can help improve the health of affected individuals and communities. Clean water can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases, reduce death rates, and reduce physical injury related to carrying heavy loads of water. (9)

9. It takes 5 to 11 gallons of water to make 1 gallon of bottled water.

Many people drink bottled water in an attempt to drink cleaner water. However, did you know that the process of making bottled water can waste up to nine times more water than what actually gets bottled? Making a plastic bottle requires twice as much water as the bottle’s volume. When you add in the fuel it takes to make the plastic and ship the bottles to consumers, we end up wasting more money and water on the process than the actual outcome. Overall, the cost of bottled water is more than what we pay for gas, oil, or Coca-Cola™. (11)

young woman drinking from a water bottle in a big city
It takes up to nine times more water to make a bottle of water than it does to fill the bottle.

How to Reduce Water Waste

With water being such a precious resource that many people don’t even have access to, it is important that we do all we can to reduce the amount of water we waste. Here are just a few simple things we can each do to preserve more fresh and clean water:

  • Reduce your shower time by one minute. If everyone in the United States did this, we would save 170 billion gallons of water each year. (8)
  • Turn off the water when you are brushing your teeth or shaving.
  • Make sure your dishwasher is full before running it. This will help reduce the total number of loads you do, which will in turn reduce the amount of water you use.
  • Install low-flow toilets, faucets, and shower heads to help reduce the total amount of water flow you use.
  • Aerate your lawn to help it absorb water better, thus reducing the amount of water you have to use to water it.
  • Fix leaky faucets or taps.
  • Save leftover ice and pasta water and use it to water your plants.
water running from a sink faucet
Reduce your water waste by incorporating simple habits into your daily routine.

You Can Make A Difference

Water is absolutely essential to support life on Earth, but many of us take it for granted. We all need water, but why not give your body the best water it can have with Echo Antioxidant Water™? Infused with hydrogen gas, Antioxidant Water™ helps keep your body hydrated while also promoting better overall health.

By learning more interesting facts about water that surrounds us and reducing the amount of water we waste and use, we can help ensure that everyone has access to the water they need to live a healthy, happy life.

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